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Guide to Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal crossover is a weight loss surgery that has gained popularity in recent years. It is a complex procedure involving restrictive and malabsorptive components. However, with its complexity comes a lot of questions and concerns from patients who are considering it.
This is the definitive guide to help you understand its benefits and risks, and how to prepare for it. In this guide we will cover everything from the basics of BPD/ABP to post-operative care and lifestyle changes.
This guide contains the information to make an informed decision and achieve long-term success in your weight loss journey.
What is Billiopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch?
A biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) is a less-common weight-loss procedure that entails two major steps.
First step is sleeve gastrectomy in which a portion of the stomach is removed, leaving a smaller tube-shaped stomach, similar to a banana. The valve that releases food to the small intestine remains, along with a limited portion of the small intestine that normally connects to the stomach.
The second step bypasses the majority of the intestine by connecting the end portion of the intestine to the duodenum near the stomach. A BPD/DS both limits how much you can eat and reduces the absorption of nutrients, including proteins and fats.
Who is a good candidate for Billiopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch?
DBP/DS is recommended for patients with a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 50, or those with a BMI equal to or greater than 40 who have obesity-related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea or high blood pressure.
Before considering BPD/DS, it is important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional who can assess your individual needs and determine whether this surgery is appropriate for you.
Benefits and Risks of Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
One of the main benefits of BPD/DS is significant and sustained weight loss. Patients can lose up to 70% of their excess weight within the first two years, which can lead to improvements in obesity-related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, and joint pain.
However, BPD/DS is a complex surgery that carries some risks. These risks include bleeding, infection, blood clots, and leakage at the surgical site. Additionally, the malabsorptive component of the surgery can lead to nutritional deficiencies, particularly in vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, and vitamin D. May need to take vitamins and minerals supplements for the rest of your life to avoid deficiencies.
Preparing for Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch surgery
Preparing for BPD/DS surgery requires careful planning and preparation. Before surgery, patients will need to undergo a comprehensive medical evaluation to assess their overall health and determine whether they are suitable candidates for the surgery.
Patients will also need to make significant lifestyle changes before and after bariatric procedure. This includes a strict diet and exercise plan to lose weight, quitting smoking, and avoiding alcohol and drugs.
It is important to follow all instructions provided by the healthcare team to ensure the best possible outcome for the surgery.
The Procedure of Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
Typically performed under general anesthesia and takes approximately 3-4 hours to complete. During the surgery, the surgeon will make several small incisions in the abdomen and use laparoscopic instruments to perform the procedure.
First component of the surgery involves reducing the size of the stomach by removing a portion of it. This restricts the amount of food that can be consumed and helps patients feel full quickly.
Second component of the surgery involves rerouting the small intestine to limit the absorption of calories and nutrients. This involves dividing the small intestine into two parts and connecting the lower part of the small intestine to the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. This rerouting limits the amount of food that is absorbed by the body, leading to significant weight loss.
Recovery after Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch surgery
Recovery after BPD/DS surgery can take several weeks and requires significant lifestyle changes. Patients will need to follow a strict diet and exercise plan to promote weight loss and avoid complications. Additionally, patients will need to take supplements to prevent nutritional deficiencies.
Patients may experience some pain and discomfort after surgery, which can be managed with pain medication. It is important to follow all post-operative instructions provided by the healthcare team, including attending follow-up appointments and monitoring for signs of complications.
Success rate and long-term effects of Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
BPD/DS has one of the highest success rates among weight loss surgeries, with patients losing up to 70% of their excess weight within the first two years. Additionally, BPD/DS can lead to improvements in obesity-related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, and joint pain.
However, long-term success requires significant lifestyle changes and ongoing support from the healthcare team. Patients will need to follow a strict diet and exercise plan, attend follow-up appointments, and monitor for signs of complications.
Comparison with other weight loss surgeries
BPD/DS is one of the most effective weight loss surgeries available, with patients losing up to 70% of their excess weight within the first two years. However, it is also one of the most complex surgeries and carries some risks.
Other weight loss surgeries include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric banding. Each surgery has its own benefits and risks, and the choice of surgery will depend on individual needs and preferences.
Frequently asked questions about Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
– How long does the surgery take?
BPD/DS surgery typically takes approximately 3-4 hours to complete.
– How much weight can I expect to lose?
Patients can lose up to 70% of their excess weight within the first two years after surgery.
– What are the risks of BPD/DS surgery?
The risks of BPD/DS surgery include bleeding, infection, blood clots, and leakage at the surgical site, as well as nutritional deficiencies.
– How long is the recovery period?
Recovery after BPD/DS surgery can take several weeks and requires significant lifestyle changes.